IELTS Flashcard Set1

  • to send out light, sound, or a smell, or a gas or other substance
  • shortage (N.)
    The long hot summer has led to serious water shortages.
    SYN. deficiency, deficit, inadequacy
    a situation in which there is not enough of something
  • extinction (N.)
    Many species of plants and animals are threatened with extinction.

    a situation in which something no longer exists
  • diminish (V.)
    The ozone layer has been diminished and this allows more radiation from the sun to reach earth's surface.
    SYN. reduce, decrease, lessen, dwindle
    to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
  • disposable (ADJ.)
    Many people now use cloth nappies instead of disposables.

    intended to be thrown away after use
  • unsustainable (ADJ.)
    Scientists attribute the declines to pollution and unsustainable fishing practices that allow species to be harvested faster than they can reproduce.

    Not able to be maintained at the current rate or level
  • deforestation (N.)
    Deforestation is destroying large areas of tropical rain forest.

    the cutting down of trees in a large area, or the destruction of forests by people
  • contaminate (V.)
    Much of the coast has been contaminated by nuclear waste.
    SYN. pollute
    to make something less pure or make it poisonous
  • excessive (ADJ.)
    The message of the campaign is that excessive drinking is a health risk.
  • habitat (N.)
    Pollutions have devastated the natural habitats of many animals in the recent years.
    SYN. residence, home
    the natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives
  • environment (N.)
    It would be better for the environment if more people used bikes rather than cars.
    SYN. surroundings
    the air, water, and land in or on which people, animals, and plants live
  • endangered (ADJ.)
    Haller Park in Kenya is an animal sanctuary, a place where endangered animals are protected.

    in danger of being harmed, lost, unsuccessful, etc.
  • atmosphere (N.)
    There has been an atmosphere of gloom in the factory since it was announced that it would be closing.

    the character, feeling, or mood of a place or situation
  • observation (N.)
    According to my own observations, noise pollution within the city is on the rise.
    SYN. watching
    the act of observing something or someone
  • emit (V.)
    According to an estimate in 2008, the factory would emit 10 tons of carbon dioxide per year.
    SYN. discharge, send out

  • too much
  • devastate (V.)
    The city was devastated by a huge earthquake.
    SYN. destroy, ruin
    to destroy a place or thing completely or cause great damage
  • escalate (V.)
    His financial problems escalated after he became unemployed.
    SYN. increase, intensify, highten
    to become or make something become greater or more serious
  • eliminate (V.)
    We eliminated the possibility that it could have been an accident.
    SYN. get rid of
    to remove or take away someone or something
  • drought (N.)
    The drought damaged all the corps there.

    a long period when there is little or no rain
  • preservation (N.)
    The urgent task is the preservation of the wildlife in the forests.
    SYN. safety, conservation
    the act of keeping something the same or of preventing it from being damaged
  • disaster (N.)
    Hurricane Katrina was one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history.
    SYN. misfortune, calamity, catastrophe
    an event causing great harm, damage, or suffering